|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2016
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
Pieris, to date has not generated revenues from product sales. Pieris has generated revenues pursuant to (i) license and collaboration agreements, which include upfront payments for licenses or options to obtain licenses, payments for research and development services and milestone payments, and (ii) government grants.
Multiple element arrangements, such as license and development arrangements are analyzed to determine whether the deliverables, which often include a license and performance obligations such as research and steering committee services, can be separated or whether they must be accounted for as a single unit of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. The Company recognizes up-front license payments as revenue upon delivery of the license only if the license has stand-alone value. If the license is considered to not have stand-alone value, the arrangement would then be accounted for as a single unit of accounting and the license payments and payments for performance obligations are recognized as revenue over the estimated period of when the performance obligations are performed.
If the Company is involved in a steering committee or joint research committee as part of a multiple element arrangement, the Company assesses whether its involvement constitutes a performance obligation or a right to participate. Steering committee services that are determined to be performance obligations are combined with other research services or performance obligations required under an arrangement, if any, in determining the level of effort required in an arrangement and the period over which the Company expects to complete its aggregate performance obligations.
Whenever the Company determines that an arrangement should be accounted for as a single unit of accounting, it must determine the period over which the performance obligations will be performed and revenue will be recognized. Revenue will be recognized using either a relative performance or straight-line method. The Company recognizes revenue using the relative performance method provided that the Company can reasonably estimate the level of effort required to complete its performance obligations under an arrangement and such performance obligations are provided on a best-efforts basis. Full-time equivalents are typically used as the measure of performance.
If the Company cannot reasonably estimate when its performance obligation either ceases or becomes inconsequential and perfunctory, then revenue is deferred until the Company can reasonably estimate when the performance obligation ceases or becomes inconsequential. Revenue is then recognized over the remaining estimated period of performance.
Significant management judgment is required in determining the level of effort required under an arrangement and the period over which the Company is expected to complete its performance obligations under an arrangement.
F.Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. and Hoffmann- La Roche Inc.
In December 2015, the Company entered into a Research Collaboration and License Agreement with F.Hoffmann- La Roche Ltd. and Hoffmann- La Roche Inc., (“Roche”), for the research, development and commercialization of Anticalin-based drug candidates against a predefined, undisclosed target in cancer immune therapy. The parties will jointly pursue a preclinical research program with respect to the identification and generation of Anticalins that bind to a specific target for an expected period of 20 months, which may be extended by Roche for up to an additional 12 months. Roche has the ability to continue exclusivity rights for up to an additional 5 years. Both Roche and the Company will participate in a joint research committee. Following the research program, Roche will be responsible for subsequent pre-clinical and clinical development of any product developed through the research plan and will have worldwide commercialization rights to any such product.
Roche has paid $6.5 million of an upfront payment for the research collaboration. Roche will pay Pieris additional amounts related to research services provided by Pieris in conjunction with the research program. Roche will also pay Pieris for certain milestones relating to development, regulatory and sales milestones as they are achieved, as well as royalties on any future product sales.
In addition to the upfront payment, the Company is eligible to receive additional research funding, development and regulatory and sales based milestone payments up to approximately $423.9 million, plus royalties on the sales of any commercial products. The total potential milestones are categorized as follows: development and regulatory milestones - $294.0 million; and sales milestones - $124.6 million. Management has determined that the development milestones are substantive because they relate solely to past performance of the Company. The milestones, will be recognized under the milestone method, when achieved to the extent the Company has no remaining performance obligations under the arrangement.
The Company identified the research and commercial licenses, performance of R&D services and participation in the joint research committee as deliverables under the Agreement. For revenue recognition purposes, management has determined that there are two units of accounting at the inception of the agreement representing (i) the research and commercial licenses and the performance of R&D services which do not have standalone value, and (ii) the participation in the joint research committee.
Pieris recorded $1.2 million in revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2016, related to the recognition of the upfront payment associated with the portion of the research services performed during the period as well as the value of research services provided by Pieris in connection with the ongoing research program. The revenue for the upfront payment is recognized under the proportional performance method as research services are provided over the potential research term of 32 months. No revenues were recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2015.
The entire disclosure for collaborative arrangements in which the entity is a participant, including a) information about the nature and purpose of such arrangements; b) its rights and obligations thereunder; c) the accounting policy for collaborative arrangements; and d) the income statement classification and amounts attributable to transactions arising from the collaborative arrangement between participants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef